Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane

Presentation of the journal
and history of the group of Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane
["Psychotherapy, Humanities, and Social Sciences"]

Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane continues the initiatives that started in 1960 by the Milan Group for the Advancement of Psychotherapy - Study Center of Clinical Psychotherapy of Milan, Italy, led by Pier Francesco Galli, M.D. This group begun to meet informally in 1960 around the book series "Library of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology" founded by Pier Francesco Galli, M.D., in collaboration with Gaetano Benedetti, M.D., and published by Feltrinelli of Milan. The explicit philosophy of the group was based on the following:

  1. a connection, in real time, with international psychiatry, psychotherapy, and psychoanalysis, in order to fill the gap existing in Italy at that time
  2. dissemination of small continuing education groups that could multiply by themselves, with a centrifugal impetus, decreasing the institutional dependency and fostering the responsibility of individual training processes (at least three of the most influential psychotherapeutic and psychoanalytic schools in Milan are an outgrowth of the Milan Group for the Advancement of Psychotherapy)
  3. in the original group and in the following organizations there was a continuous theoretical and clinical confrontation among colleagues belonging to different approaches: the first group was made of Freudians, Dasein-analysts (phenomenologists), interpersonalists, Jungians, and Kleinians
  4. simultaneously with these private training activities, several initiatives of psychiatric and psychotherapeutic training in the public sector (psychiatric hospitals and Community Mental Health Centers) were activated; for example, in 1961 the Milan Group for the Advancement of Psychotherapy introduced in Italy the Balint groups method and the psychiatric and psychoanalytic culture of Silvano Arieti, Frieda Fromm-Reichmann, Clara Thompson, and Harry Stack Sullivan
  5. a "lay" view of psychotherapy and psychoanalysis, i.e., not conceived as a subspecialty of psychiatry or clinical psychology but as a critique to culture, science, and preexisting equilibriums, as irreducible to other disciplines, and - differently from religions and ideologies - as void of assertiveness and consolatory aspects
  6. the exercise of critique as a method of knowledge and research
  7. a project of continuing education rather than formal training programs
  8. the exploration of the space between "psychoanalism" and the "psychotherapies"
  9. the epistemology of deconstruction
  10. the link between psychoanalytic culture and social sciences (the humanities)

In December 1962 the first training course, titled "Problems of Psychotherapy", was organized at the Museo della Scienza e della Tecnica ("Science and Technology Museum") of Milan (see the Proceedings in PDF). Between 1963 and 1965 six more training courses were organized, always in the same setting, with the participation of the best experts that psychiatry, psychotherapy and psychoanalysis of the time, both in Italy and abroad, could offer (see for example the Proceedings of the One-Day Course of October 10, 1965, with papers by Pier Francesco Galli, Gaetano Benedetti, Christian Mueller, Johannes Cremerius, and Michael Balint; P.F. Galli's paper was followed by interventions of Mario Moreno, Franco Basaglia, Antonino Jaria, Franco Giberti, Giuseppe Maffei, Dario De Martis, Piero Leonardi, Edoardo Balduzzi, Giorgio Zanocco, Antonino Lo Cascio, Cesare Musatti, and Cornelio Fazio). In 1966 and 1967 two more courses were organized. (See the brochures and Proceedings of the Second [May 1963], Third [November 1963], Fourth [May 1964], Sixth [May 1965], and Eighth Course [November 1966], of four days each, and also of two All-Day Workshops [October 1965 and December 1966])

The original group used to meet regularly every month with Gaetano Benedetti of Basel since 1963, with Johannes Cremerius of Friburg in Br. since 1966, and with Marcelle Spira of Geneva from 1965 to 1967; an integrative approach, then, characterized the group of Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane since the beginning (see also the 1984 interview to Pier Francesco Galli titled "Psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic institution in Italy").

In 1963 in Milan, first in Via Lanzone 7, and later in the "historical" headquarters of Piazza S. Ambrogio 1, a weekly continuous seminar started, which was very much attended and out of which many groups and ideas that will characterize the history of psychotherapy in Italy originated (for example, the first 13 issues of the journal Fogli di Informazione, that has been for many years at the center of the network of experimentations of alternative psychiatric practices of the Italian "anti-psychiatry" movement and of the group of Psichiatria Democratica, were printed in this office). In 1966 and 1967 the training courses became residential, respectively in Arenzano (Genoa) and Vietri sul Mare (Salerno).

In 1967 the group of Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, under the presidency of Pier Francesco Galli, on behalf of the International Federation of Psychotherapy (IFP) was in charge of the organization of the VIII International Congress of Psychotherapy, which was held in Milan on August 25-29, 1970. The Proceedings were published in January 1973 in Volume no. 30 (titled the same name of the group, Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane) of the book series "Library of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology" of Feltrinelli publisher of Milan, directed by Gaetano Benedetti, M.D., and Pier Francesco Galli, M.D.

In 1971 the weekly Milan seminar was terminated and substituted by small seminars, of about 15 participants each, in Milan, Genoa, and Bologna. Four times a year there was a plenary meeting in every one of these cities plus a meeting in Zurich together with the "Zurich Psychoanalytic Seminar" (Psychoanalytisches Seminar Zürich [PSZ]).

Il project of the journal, which remains the same today, was presented in the following editorial of issue no. 1/1967:

«The interdisciplinary approach, in the recent history of social sciences or of the humanities, is a moment of reflection beyond immediate functional schemas. The present historical period follows a phase of technicality in which empirical research and methodological sophistication offered an alibis to escape fundamental problems. The credo in objectivity, residue of the positive world, is represented by technicians to whom interdisciplinary approach, far from being an anthropological convergence, is a sterile confrontation among methods. The search for a common language becomes a futile exercise in which semantic barriers mark the limits of false epistemological conscience. The ideology of the method grants a sort of pseudo-knowledge, while gradually abandoning the premises of an anthropology. Technicians of psychological cure, arithmeticians of social knowledge, synthesis of operational outcomes whose price is the reduction to an heuristic dimension of thought. Collectors of data gather in the research movement, and at times technique, accused of being responsible of splitting the human being, leaves room to an undifferentiated need of synthesis where irrationality emerges as ideology of a praxis in which experience is merely stereotyped repetition. We see a rejection to draw consequences out of knowledge data, a world of technicians of the interdisciplinary approach as an institutional meeting place, a refusal to think publicly, the private thought deadened in the data and in objectivity as mythical criteria of scientific citizenship. We see an official, bureaucratic interdisciplinary approach, characterized by perfect scientific careers at the service of conservationism. The technicians unfortunately have too often given up their social presence.
The psychotherapist, as a technician of social sciences, faces the alternatives of being the instrument of society in order to treat deviant behavior, or of using the consequences of the knowledge of his or her own research method in order to provoke social change. A newly acquired awareness of the psychotherapists as a professional group goes beyond the individual or private experience as social or political figures. Psychotherapeutic knowledge requires active participation to the reality that has to be built, and does not leave room to "technicisms".
The attempt to know each other and, at one hand, to bring within our profession, presented with its concrete and characterizing aspects, themes and problems of neighboring disciplines, and, to the other, to offer to the latter the contributions of psychotherapeutic research, represent the aim of this journal. The premises of an anthropological discourse, within the limits of our history and of our culture, is first of all, in this phase, a problem of reciprocal knowledge. It is a commitment to a research in which our technical loneliness can find an answer in the technical loneliness of others. Insecurity, daily feeling of the psychotherapist at work, is taken responsibly as an interplay between conflicting poles within the social sciences, toward a clarity beyond the false empirical knowledge» (p. 1 of issue no. 1/1967 of Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane; reprinted on p. 298 of issue no. 3/2006).

In this key, the concrete interdisciplinary approach is the goal of a professional commitment with high social impact, in opposition with the culture of "parallel tolerances" and of "ecumenical opportunisms" (see, to this regards, P.F. Galli's paper presented at the 1990 annual meeting of the Rapaport-Klein Study Group).

In line with these premises, the journal Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane publishes psychoanalytic papers side by side with papers of other disciplines such as psychology, psychiatry, sociology, anthropology, philosophy, science of education, and history. Exponents of these disciplines are represented in the editorial and advisory boards of the journal since its foundation. At the end of the 1980s the characterization of "service" to the Italian mental health community was better implemented with a series of columns such as "Classics of psychoanalytic research" (30 classic psychoanalytic papers written between 1927 and 1965, and published from 1989 to 1999), "Clinical cases" (since 1987, with many complete clinical cases published and discussed), "Book reviews" (since 1984), "Traces. Mummia ridens" (since 2004, with a reconstruction of the history of psychoanalysis and psychotherapy in Italy from theoretical and sociological points of view), and, finally, "Journals" (since 1984), with the contents and the review of selected articles of the main national and international journals of psychotherapy and psychoanalysis (The International Journal of Psychoanalysis, Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, Psychoanalytic Quarterly, Contemporary Psychoanalysis, Revue Française de Psychanalise, Psyche, etc.).

The "cooperative" and the "association"

The "Cooperativa Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane a r.l.", founded in 1978, continued under this name the activities of the Milan Group for the Advancement of Psychotherapy and had the followings goals explicitly stated in the by-laws (February 27, 1978): the publication of journals and books specialized in psychology, psychoanalytic technique, and social sciences (the humanities); continuing education and professional update of its members; the organization of professional meetings on psychology, psychoanalysis, and social sciences. The officers were the following: President: Alberto Merini, M.D.; Board: Pier Francesco Galli, M.D., Alberto Merini, M.D., Eugenia Omodei Zorini, M.D.; Trustees: Marianna Bolko, M.D., Adriana Grotta, Ph.D., Giancarlo Rigon, M.D., Ferruccio Tiberi, M.D. (substitute), Eustachio Loperfido, M.D. (substitute).

In January 2012 the "Cooperativa Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane a r.l." has been closed and, for administrative reasons, substituted by the "Association Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane". The training activities are economically supported only by the participants' registration fees.

The journal Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane was independent from the "Cooperativa", and still remains totally independent from the "Association".


The quarterly journal Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane (ISSN 0394­-2864; Dewey Decimal Classification [DDC] 616; electronic ISSN 1972­-5043) is totally independent from the association. It is edited jointly by Pier Francesco Galli, M.D., Marianna Bolko, M.D., and Paolo Migone, M.D. (editor-in-chief), it was founded in 1967 by Pier Francesco Galli, M.D., and since issue no. 1/1982 it is published by FrancoAngeli of Milan. It is by far one of the most widely circulated journals in the field of psychology, psychiatry and psychoanalysis in Italy, with more than 1,000 readers and 50 years of history. This journal financially is entirely self-supported, and by choice it does not accept economical support by any public or private institution, and never publishes advertisements of any sort. It is financed only by subscribers and with issues sold in bookstores. In the past decades some important book series have been edited by Pier Francesco Galli:

Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane has its own official web site ( and has also web pages hosted in two Italian Internet journals: since May 1998 it is in the portal Psychomedia (where since June 2000 it has also a section with historical documents of the group), and since February 1999 it is in Psychiatry on Line - Italy (POL-it).

National and international scope

The journal Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane has always been part of the independent international psychoanalytic network Platform International, and operates in partnership with the "Zurich Psychoanalytic Seminar" (PSZ) and with its Journal für Psychoanalyse, with the Sigmund Freud Institut of Frankfurt a.M., with the Istituzione "Gianfranco Minguzzi" of Bologna, with the Centro Universitario di Psichiatria Multietnica "Georges Devereux" of Bologna, and it is a member of the International Council of Editors of Psychoanalytic Journals (ICEPJ). The journal Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane is indexed in PsycINFO (Psychological Abstracts), Psychoanalytic Abstracts, EMBASE (Excerpta Medica), Scopus, PEP Web, EMCare, ERIH Plus, EBSCO Discovery Service, Sociological Abstracts, Social Services Abstracts, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts, IBSS (International Bibliography of the Social Sciences), The Philosopher’s Index, Google Scholar, Casalini-EIO/Torrossa, ESSPER (Economia, Scienze sociali e Storia), CLOCKSS, Portico, etc..

In the past years the at "International Seminars" participated authors such as Johannes Cremerius, Merton Gill, Peter Wolff, Lawrence Friedman, Fred Busch, Owen Renik, Robert Langs, Berthold Rothschild, Tobie Nathan, Helmut Thomä, Elizabeth Bott Spillius, Joyce McDougall, John Gedo, Peter Fonagy, Morris Eagle, Robert Holt, Robert Wallerstein, Frank Sulloway, etc. Many of their presentations appeared in the journal Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane and only later in foreign journals or books. Themes such as Self Psychology and narcissism were introduced by Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane 20 years before their diffusion in the wider international literature.

Training activities

A characterizing aspect has always been the implementation of training projects for mental health professionals of the national health system. Members of the original group of Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, together with colleagues that have been trained in full or in part within the group, have always been - and still are today - involved in training projects for the public sector, both formally (with regular contracts) and informally as private trainers and supervisors. This informal training network, which is sociologically well recognizable, implies educational services for the public sector which reaches a few thousands trainees nationwide.

The first training project in a psychiatric city hospital was in Varese from 1962 to 1964. In the psychiatric hospital of the city of Sondrio in 1967 the first project of "teaching hospital" in Italy was implemented (the structure of this project included 25 hours of teaching a week, for 40 weeks a year, to psychiatric residents of the psychiatric hospital of Sondrio).

Between 1989 and 1996 Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane in Pordenone organized the School of Psychotherapy and Rehabilitation of the Study and Research Center on Mental Health of the "Regione Friuli Venezia Giulia" (Participating Institution in the World Health Organization [WHO] Collaboration Centre for Research and Training in Mental Health Italy).

In summary, the intervention in the national mental health system and the integration between the public and the private sectors have always been the main characterizing aspects of Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, together with a method of training and continuing education programs based on work with small groups.

The "International Seminars" (see also the web site Training Programs)

Since 1982 (and informally since 1974), Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane organizes in Bologna a course of continuing education called, for historical reasons, "International Seminars". This course is based on monthly meetings (on the third Saturday of each month) and is for M.D.s and Ph.D.s who are already trained. The number of participants is limited to 52 in order to guarantee an active training method. A new participant can be accepted only when someone leaves the program. For further information and registrations, contact the secretary: mobile phone 348-5622627, E-Mail <>.

Italian and foreign experts of psychoanalysis and related fields are selected and invited by the Program Committee of the "International Seminars"; the members of the Program Committee are Alberto Merini, M.D., Marianna Bolko, M.D., Dante Comelli, M.D., Pietro Pascarelli, M.D., Euro Pozzi, M.D., and Gabriele Vezzani, M.D. (all members of the Program Committee have, beside their own personal and specific training, more than 25 years of professional experience, often also in the public sector). The goal of the "International Seminars" is to provide continuing education on themes of psychoanalytic theory, theory of technique, and social sciences. Each monthly meeting has the following schedule:

The training project of Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane includes: a) diachronic aspects: themes that are dealt in the course of several years, such as gender identity, adolescence psychopathology, transcultural psychiatry and psychotherapy, treatment of severe psychopathology, theory of technique, theoretical and clinical confrontation with therapists of different approaches, etc. (this part is dealt with by the Program Committee during the monthly meetings); b) aspects that are specific to each meeting: choice of papers to be pre-distributed, themes that need to be emphasized in the papers and to be discussed within the small groups, clinical cases to be presented, use of audiovisual instrumentation, possible interventions by discussant within or without the group, etc. (this part is dealt with by the a member of the Program Committee, who becomes responsible for the training of a given meeting). In each meeting the Program Committee appoints a chairman who is in charge of opening and closing the meeting, of introducing the speaker and guests, of inviting the discussants to intervene, of monitoring the time schedule of presentations and coffee breaks, etc. Participants record their attendance by signing in and out in front of the meeting secretariat. The certificate of attendance is given to the participants only if they satisfy CME requirements of attendance.
Regarding the philosophy of this training program and its evaluation, the goal of this training in psychoanalytic therapy is only in small part that of increasing knowledge, but mostly that of improving professional performance, including relational skills. Such an improvement is not evident in the short run and using traditional tests based on cognitive aspects. At the moment, the methods for evaluating training in psychoanalytic psychotherapy are not cost-effective. Furthermore, it is quite difficult to ascertain, at the end of one year, which part of the improvement of performance is due to the course, or to other experiences outside this course (such as personal training or supervisions). The "International Seminars" are a continuing education experience that begun in the early 1970s and that continues to change and improve.
The experts that have been invited since 1984, in chronological order, are the following: 
1984-85: Marianna Bolko & Alberto Merini (Bologna), Silvano Massa (Genoa), Pier Francesco Galli (Bologna), Sergio Dazzi (Parma), Paolo Migone (Parma) & Milly Fumagalli (Milan), Vittorio Melega & Giovanni Neri (Bologna), Marianna Bolko & Alberto Merini (Bologna), Giancarlo Rigon (Bologna) & Franco Ricci (Pesaro)
1985-86: Marianna Bolko & Alberto Merini (Bologna), Pier Francesco Galli (Bologna) & Paolo Migone (Parma), Marianna Bolko & Alberto Merini (Bologna)
April 4, 1987: One-day seminar in Milan (Palazzo delle Stelline) on three themes: "The therapeutic setting" (discussion groups leaders: Marianna Bolko, Alberta Emiliani, Adriana Grotta, Pierrette Lavanchy, Antonella Mancini, Alberto Merini, Eugenia Omodei Zorini, Franco Ricci, Giancarlo Rigon), "Psychotherapies in the public sector" (discussion groups leaders: Alessandro Ancona, Piergiorgio Battaggia, Teresa Corsi Piacentini, Emanuele Gualandri, Eustachio Loperfido, Vittorio Melega, Giovanni Neri, Mariangela Pierantozzi, Ferruccio Tiberi), "Diagnosis and psychotherapy" (discussion groups leaders: Pier Maria Furlan, Pier Francesco Galli, Nella Guidi, Vladimir Jancovic, Giampaolo Lai, Silvano Massa, Paolo Migone, Berthold Rothschild, Katharina Schweizer, Judith Valk, Thomas Von Salis, Billa Zanuso)
1987-88: Fiorella Giusberti & Andrea Melella (Bologna), Vittorio Melega & Giovanni Neri (Bologna), Paolo Migone (Parma), Adriana Grotta (Bologna), Teresa Corsi Piacentini (Genoa), Marianna Bolko & Alberto Merini (Bologna), Giuliana Gagliani & Mariangela Pierantozzi (Bologna)
June 3-4, 1988: Meeting of Platform International in Milan (Palazzo delle Stelline) "Are idiots still useful?". Papers by Pier Francesco Galli (Bologna), Emilio Modena (Zürich), Berthold Rothschild (Zürich), Paul Parin (Zürich), Goldy Parin-Matthey (Zürich), Johannes Cremerius (Friburg i.Br.), Armando Bauleo (Buenos Aires/Venezia), Gregório Baremblitt (Rio de Janeiro), Paul Passett (Zürich), Sjef Teuns (Amsterdam), Georg Christoph Tholen (Kassel), A. Borst (Paris), Arno von Blarer (Zürich), Marie-Claire Boons (Paris), Giacomo Contri (Milan), Detlef Michaelis (Frankfurt), Roberto Dionigi (Bologna), Michele Ranchetti (Florence), Tito Perlini (Milan), Robert D. Hinshelwood (London), Johannes Reichmayr (Vienna), J.L. Pedreir (Gijon), H. Stephan (Hamburg). Discussion group leaders: A. Borst, M. Monville, C. Landry, Sjef Teuns, Hans-Peter Meyer, Barbara Andriello, Luciano Rispoli, Anotnio Marigliano, Liliana Stea, Orlando Todarello, Ciro Elia, Anna Maria Fabbrichesi, Marianna Bolko, Alberto Merini, A. Ballabio, Maria D.Contri
1988-89: Audrey Gavshon (London), Pedro Grosz (Zürich), Thomas von Salis (Zürich), Berthold Rothschild (Zürich, Paul Parin (Zürich), Emilio Modena (Zürich), Judith Valk (Zürich), Morris N. Eagle (Toronto)
1989-90: Robert R. Holt (New York), Pedro Grosz (Zürich). Marco Bacciagaluppi (Milan), Audrey Gavshon (London), Anton Obholzer (London), John E. Gedo (Chicago), Anne Hurry (London), Judith Valk (Zürich), Emilio Modena (Zürich)
1991: George S. Moran (London), Marianna Bolko & Alberto Merini (Bologna), Pier Franceso Galli (Bologna), Marco Conci (Trento), Ferruccio Giacanelli (Bologna), Anton Obholzer (London), Adam Limentani (London), Berthold Rothschild (Zürich), Steven Mitchell (New York), Peter Fonagy (London), Rose Edgcumbe (London), Paul Parin (Zürich)
June 24-27, 1991: Week long seminar in Bologna with Johannes Cremerius (Friburg i.Br.), Morris N. Eagle (New York), Lawrence Friedman (New York), Pier Francesco Galli (Bologna), Merton M. Gill (Chicago), Robert R. Holt (New York), Tito Perlini (Venice), Michele Ranchetti (Florence), Frank J. Sulloway (Boston), Helmut Thomä (Ulm), Peter H. Wolff (Boston) et al.
1992: Mahmoud Sami-Ali (Paris), Bruna Zani (Bologna), Anton Obholzer (London), Lilian Berna-Simons (Zürich), Berthold Rothschild (Zürich), Roger Kennedy (London), Judith Valk (Zürich)
1993: Berthold Rothschild (Zürich), Giordano Fossi (Florence), Lilian Berna-Simons (Zürich), Clifford Yorke (London), Tobie Nathan (Paris), Peter Fonagy (London), Ita Imhof-Grosz (Zürich)
June 25-26, 1993: Two-days workshop in Milan (Palazzo delle Stelline) with Lawrence Friedman and Leonard Groopman (New York)
1994: Tito Perlini (Venice), John E. Gedo (Chicago), Joice McDougall (Paris), Jay Greenberg (New York), Robert R. Holt (New York), Giorgio Sassanelli (Rome), Berthold Rothschild (Zürich)
1995: Tito Perlini (Venice), Helmuth Thomä (Ulm), Piero Coppo (Casciana [Pisa]), P. Seccarelli (Paris), Pier Francesco Galli (Bologna), Elizabeth Bott Spillius (London), Giacomo Contri (Milan). Groups leaders: Alessandro Ancona, Marianna Bolko, Teresa Corsi Piacentini, Eustachio Loperfido, Alberto Merini, Eugenia Omodei Zorini, Giancarlo Rigon
1996: Maurizio Peciccia (Perugia), Juan Manzano (Geneva), Tobie Nathan (Paris), Fritz A. Henn (Mannheim), Salomon Resnik (Paris), Fernanda Pedrina (Zürich), Pier Franceso Galli (Bologna)
1997: Pedro Grosz (Zürich), Armando Bauleo (Buenos Aires/Venice), Berthold Rothschild (Zürich), Salvatore Inglese (Catanzaro), Silvia Amati Sas (Geneva-Trieste), Roberto Speziale-Bagliacca (Genoa), Furio Ravera (Milan)
1998: Adele Nunziante Cesaro (Naples), Domenico Di Ceglie (London), Massimo Cuzzolaro (Rome), Johannes Reichmayr (Vienna), Giorgio Sassanelli (Rome), Luciano Rispoli (Naples), Giovanni Liotti (Rome)
1999: Tito Perlini (Venice), Johannes Cremerius (Friburg i.B.), Paul Parin (Zürich), Antonino Ferro (Pavia), Fred Busch (Ann Arbor), Wolfgang Mertens (Munich), Irene Bernardini (Milan). Groups leaders: Fabiano Bassi, Marianna Bolko, Pier Francesco Galli, Eustachio Loperfido, Alberto Merini, Eugenia Omodei Zorini, Ferruccio Tiberi
2000: Owen Renik (San Francisco), Michele Ranchetti (Florence), Ethel Spector Person (New York), Morris N. Eagle (New York), Stavros Mentzos (Frankfurt a.M.), Ferruccio Osimo (Milan), Mario Lavagetto (Parma)
2001: Philippe Jeammet (Paris), Salvatore Inglese (Catanzaro), Michael Stone (New York), Jack Drescher (New York), Carlo Bonomi (Florence), Lawrence Friedman (New York), Pedro Grosz (Zürich)
2002: Sergio Moravia (Florence), Emilio Modena (Zürich), Umberto Ponziani (Bologna), Robert S. Wallerstein (San Francisco), Lilli Gast (Berlin), Owen Renik (San Francisco), Giuseppe Varchetta (Milan)
2003: Tito Perlini (Venice), Maurizio Balsamo (Rome), Omar Ndoye (Dakar), Werner Bohleber (Frankfurt a.M.), Jacques Hochmann (Lion), Theodore Jacobs (New York), Giampaolo Lai (Milan)
May 31, 2003: 40th Anniversary of Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane in Bologna: "The reasons for our history. 1962-2003: Forty years of psychoanalysis and related fields": One-day seminar with Pier Francesco Galli, Giancarlo Rigon, Pietro Pascarelli, Ulrich Wienand, Eustachio Loperfido, Dante Comelli, Alberto Merini, Marianna Bolko, and Giorgio Meneguz
2004: Stavros Mentzos (Frankfurt a.M.), Jacques André (Paris), Mario Lavagetto (Parma), Alberto Llasa (Bilbao), Morris N. Eagle (New York), Francesco Napolitano (Caserta), Bernard Golse (Paris)
January 15, 2005: One-day seminar in Bologna on "Psychiatry, psychoanalysis: The multicultural challenge", with Tullio Seppilli, Alberto Merini, Eustachio Loperfido, Ferruccio Giacanelli, Alain Goussot, Pietro Pascarelli, Tito Perlini, Giancarlo Rigon
2005: Valeria Babini (Bologna), Marianne Leuzinger-Bohleber (Frankfurt a.M.), Maurizio Balsamo (Rome), Catherine Chabert (Paris), Morris N. Eagle (Los Angeles), Franco De Masi (Milan), Roberto Beneduce (Turin), Roland Gori (Marseille)
2006: Judith Valk (Zürich), Daniéle Brun (Paris), Michele Ranchetti (Florence), Alain Vanier (Paris), Vincenzo Masini (Siena), Lorena Preta (Rome), Heinrich Deserno (Frankfurt a.M.)
December 15, 2006: "Psychotherapeutic culture and psychiatric culture: Vicissitudes and transformations" (Presentation of the Special Issue no. 3/2006 on the occasion of the 40th Anniversary of  Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, organized by the Institution "Gian Franco Minguzzi" of Bologna; see the Press Review): papers by Valeria P. Babini (Bologna), Feruccio Giacanelli (Bologna), Angelo Guarnieri (Genoa), Tito Perlini (Venice); Eustachio Loperfido, chairman
2007: January 20, Giovanni De Renzis (Naples), "What remains of psychoanalysis", Discussant Pier Francesco Galli; March 17, Massimo Recalcati (Milan), "Anorexia and anxiety"; April 21, Adelina Talamonti (Rome), "The exorcist and the psychaitrist. An anthropological perspective on demoniac possession and exorcism"; May 19, Manfred Pohlen (Marburg), "The influencing power of the analyst and the truth of his method" [cancelled and moved to March 15, 2008, with a different title]; May 19, Howard Shevrin (Ann Arbor), "Theory of drive in the light of recent neuroscience findings and theories (The need for a basic science of psychoanalysis)"; October 20, Luigi Zoja (Milan), "The function of the father in current times and in history"; November 17, Maurice Corcos (Paris), "Affect control in borderline functioning"; December 15, Olga Pozzi (Naples), "Reflections on the evolution of the concept of transference in different theoretical models"
2008: February 16, Ferdinando Bersani (Bologna), "Reproducibility in science: Myth or reality?" (Paolo Migone, discussant); March 15, Manfred Pohlen (Marburg) [moved from May 19, 2007], "Therapeutic factors in psychoanalysis: A process between scientific objectivity and suggestion"; April 19, Lawrence Friedman (New York), "A renaissance for Freud's Papers on Technique"; May 17, Jacques André (Paris), "Waiting for events"; June 21, Marco Chiesa (London), "An outpatient treatment program for borderline patients: Clinical model and outcome"; September 20, Heinrich Deserno (Frankfurt a.M.), "Love and depression"; November 15, Maurizio Balsamo (Rome), "The genealogic's genealogies"
2009: January 17, David Le Breton (Strasbourg), "Adolescence, risky behaviors, and personal rites: an anthropological perspective"; February 21, Ciro Elia (Bergamo), "State of the art of individual psychotherapy of psychoses"; March 21, Sergio Piro (Naples), "State of the art of psychiatry in Italy today" (since Sergio Piro died suddenly on Jan. 7, 2009, this seminar has been held by Valeria P. Babini, Ph.D., Pietro Pascarelli, M.D., Federico Perozziello, M.D., and Pietro Pellegrini, M.D.); May 16, Fausto Petrella (Pavia), "On psychoanalytic process"; June 20, Alberto Luchetti (Rome), "The return of the repressed"; October 17, Roberto Speziale-Bagliacca (Genoa), "Real object and splitting"; November 21, Francesco Barale (Pavia), "Autism, the full weakness"
Novembre 28, 2009: Seminar in Bologna with Jerome C. Wakefield (New York), "Freud and philosophy of mind"
2010: January 16, Tito Perlini (Trieste), "Civilization and Its Discontents eight years after. Observations of Freud's paper"; February 20, Pedro Grosz (Zürich), "The problem of mutual dependency in the succession of generations"; March 20, Silvio Merciai (Turin), "Neuroscience and psychoanalysis: To do what we can..."; April 17, Luigi Antonello Armando (Rome), "From the New Athens to Thebes: Trauma in Freud and according to Freud"; October 16, Jack P. Drescher (New York), "A history of the relationship between psychoanalysis and homosexuality"; November 20, Francesco Napolitano (Caserta), "Materials for a Freudian philosophy of aphasia"; December 18, George J. Makari (New York), "Revolution in mind: The creation of psychoanalysis"
2011: January 15, Franco Maiullari (Locarno), "Passions between myth and psychoanalysis"; February 19, Ferdinando Amigoni (Bologna), "'Learning to survive?': Life, instructions for use according to Perec"; March 19, Ivan Ulric (Split), "The phenomenon of shame in ex-prisoners of war"; April 16, Maurizio Balsamo (Rome), "The problem of free association in contemporary analytic practice"; May 21, Pier Luigi Rossi (Rome), "'Actual' psychopathologies: A chapter of Freud's opus that has been forgotten for too long"; October 15, Ettore Perrella (Padua), "Training analysis: Some clinical effects of globalization"; December 17, Heinrich Deserno (Frankfurt a.M.), "Unconscious intergenerational transmission of conflicts and traumata"
September 20, 2011: "Training psychotherapists, today": A meeting in Bologna with Otto F. Kernberg (New York) on the occasion of the 45th Anniversary of the journal Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane (papers by Otto F. Kernberg and Pier Francesco Galli; interventions by Marianna Bolko, Emilio Modena, Thomas von Salis, Alberto Merini, and Paolo Migone)
October 22, 2011: "Psychiatry between disgnosis and 'diagnosticism': The critical debate on the DSM-5 process": A meeting with Allen Frances, M.D., head of the DSM-IV task force
2012: January 21, Antonello Armando (Rome), "Dream as daily trauma and responsibility of the interpreter"; February 18, Lucilla Albano (Rome), "Psychoanalytic theory of the movies"; April 21, Alessandro Garella (Naples), "Termination of analysis among theory, technique, and ethics"; May 19, Piero Porcelli (Bari), "Contemporary developments in psychosomatics"; September 22, Patrick Guyomard (Paris), "Lacan and countertransference"; October 20, Nancy C. Hollander (Los Angeles), "Ideology of psychoanalytic interpretation"; November 17, Alberto Luchetti (Rome), "Melancholy of the ego"
April 13, 2012: "Contemporary psychoanalysis: An overview from the theoretical point of view": A meeting in Bologna with Morris N. Eagle (Los Angeles)
2013: January 29, Antonio Andreoli (Geneva), "Love passions and death wish: the return of animism in the treatment of suicidal crisis of borderline patients"; February 16 , David Meghnagi (Rome), "Primo  Levis' life and literary vicisitudes"; March 16, Davide Cavagna (Milan), "Psychic reality"; April 20, Renée Roussillon (Lyon), "Oedipus, transitional, sexual, reflexivity"; May 18, Antonio Di Ciaccia (Rome), "The pleasure in Lacan"; October 19, Giovanni Pizza (Perugia), "Oedipus and anthropology. From the 'triangle' Freud/Malinowski/Lévi-Strauss to the contemporary debate"; November 16, Maurizio Balsamo (Rome), "The destiny of imago in the treatment"
2014: January 25, Maurizio Peciccia (Perugia), "Dream and therapeutic progressive mirror drawing in psychoanalytic therapy of psychoses"; February 15, David Meghnagi (Rome), "Humor as tertiary process: Irony and humor in the psychoanalytic session"; March 15, Alfredo Zenoni (Bruxelles), "The concept of reality in Lacan"; April 12, Mauricio Cortina (Silver Spring, Maryland, USA), "The new science of prosocial motivations and the clinical dialogue"; May 17, Barnaba Maj (Rome), "«As if madness would wildly ride behind him...». The 'Lenz case' according to Georg Büchner"; October 18, Celestino Genovese (Naples), "Primitive anxiety and psychic structure"; November 15, Francesca Magnani (Reggio Emilia), "Which psychoanalytic approach to the great musical works? A reading of Verdi's Macbeth and of Wagner's Parsifal"
2015: January 17, Sarantis Thanopulos (Naples), "The nature of desire and love relationship"; February 21, Marco Solinas (Florence), "On Axel Honneth's theory of recognition"; March 21, Bruce Reis (New York), "Process, not technique: change in psychotherapy according to the Boston Change Process Study Group (BCPSG)"; May 16, Eugenia Omodei Zorini (Milan), "Female and male identities: What has changed?"; September 19, Dominique Scarfone (Montréal), "Between presentation and representation: the timing of transference"; October 17, Vittorio Lingiardi (Rome), "Between clinical practice and ideology: Gender identity and sexual orientation"; November 15, Adriano Voltolin (Milan), "Clinical issues within the individual and neurosis of the communities"
February 15, 2015: "Intersubjectivity and modern conflict theory": A meeting in Bologna with Christopher Christian (New York)
March 18, 2015: "Psychoanalysis and religion: Why Freud was wrong": A meeting in Bologna with Otto F. Kernberg (New York)
December 21, 2015: "Why psychiatric care in Italy is better than in the Unites States": A meeting in Parma with Allen Frances, M.D., head of the DSM-IV task force
2016: January 16, Elisabeth Roudinesco (Paris), "Freud, history and memory"; February 20, Lucio Russo (Rome), "«The ego is not master in its own house». Identities and Masks"; April 16, Luigi Zoja (Milan), "Paranoia and history: A psychological and cultural view of Western conflicts"; May 21, Florian Houssier (Paris), "Starting again from Freud's adolescence: Where biography and theory go hand in hand"; September 17, Ferruccio Vigna (Turin), "Clinical transformations of hysteria"; October 15, Massimo Ammaniti (Rome), "Daniel N. Stern in contemporary psychoanalysis"; November 19, Felice Cimatti (Rome), "Language and death instinct"
October 17, 2016: Meeting in Siena for the 50th Anniversary of Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, with Andrea Fagiolini, Stefano Fissi, and Paolo Migone
December 1, 2016: "The Future of Psychoanalysis": A meeting in Rome on the occasione of the Special Issue no. 3/2016 for the 50th Anniversary of Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, with Pier Francesco Galli, Marco Innamorati, Girolamo Lo Verso, David Meghnagi, Paolo Migone, Filippo Pergola, Sergio Salvatore
December 17, 2016: Meeting in Bologna for the 50th Anniversary of Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane, with Valeria P. Babini, Stefano Benni, Marianna Bolko, Renzo Canestrari, Marcello Cesa-Bianchi, Renato Foschi, Pier Francesco Galli, Dagmar Herzog, Alberto Merini, Paolo Migone, Enzo Spaltro [see the video]
2017: January 21, Sergio Benvenuto (Rome), "Do perversions exist?"; February 18, Horst Kächele (Ulm), "From case study to single case research: A perennial issue?"; March 18: Giovanni Zamboni (Bologna), "Mechanisms and metaphors in the analysis of nervous function"; April 8, Roberto Beneduce (Turin), "What remains of ethnopsychiatry. Subalternity, psychological suffering, and hegemonic cultures"; May 20, Jeremy D. Safran (New York), "Impasse, enactment, and the therapist's mental state as an instrument for change"; September 16, Massimiliano Sommantico (Naples): "From the family complex to the brother complex: Theoretical and clincal developments"; October 7 (in Modena), Nancy Chodorow (Cambridge, Massachusetts), "Female and male: The roots of gender violence"; November 18, Pier Francesco Galli (Bologna), "Clinical work and theory building in psychoanalysis: Reflections between questions and answers"; December 16, Pier Francesco Galli (Bologna), "Dangerous turns between psychoanalysis and psychoanalysts"
2018: January 20, Carlo Bonomi (Florence), "The importance of Ferenczi for the psychoanalytic movement today"; February 17, Salvatore Inglese (Catanzaro), "Déjà vu. Traces of critical ethnopsychiatry"; March 17, David Le Breton (Strasburg), "To escape from oneself in order to save oneself"; April 14, René Kaës (Lyon), "Metapsychology today"; May 19, Roland Gori (Marseille), "Dreaming the world in order to be able to change it"; October 20, Antonio Di Ciaccia (Rome), "Psychoanalysis and politics: The discontent of civilization"; November 17, Antonino Ferro (Pavia), "Transformations and deconstructions"

Other training activities sponsored by Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane (see also the web site Training Programs):

Study Group on "Psychoanalytic psychopathology of adolescence". For information, contact <>. [This study group is organized directly by the "Association Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane"] [Questo gruppo di studio (organizzato direttamente dalla "Cooperativa Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane s.r.l.", e in seguito dalla "Associazione culturale Psicoterapia e Scienze Umane") si è costituito alla fine degli anni 1980, attivato da Marianna Bolko ed Eustachio Loperfido a partire da un gruppo di approfondimento dei "Seminari Internazionali". Prosegue attualmente con il coordinamento di Marianna Bolko, a numero chiuso con un massimo di 15 partecipanti. Sono state organizzate varie conferenze pubbliche tra cui le seguenti: Philippe Jeammet, "I volti della depressione nell'adolescente" (1998); Antonio De Lillo, "1983-2000: adolescenza a confronto tra cronaca e storia" (2000); Philippe Jeammet, "Lo psicodramma psicoanalitico individuale nel trattamento dell'adolescente" (2002); Paolo Billi, "Teatro nelle carceri minorili" (2004); Bruno Severi, “Poltergeist” (2006); Leonardo Montecchi, "Adolescenza e tossicodipendenze" (2007); Jack Drescher, "I problemi di gender in adolescenza" (2010); Maurizio Peciccia, "Trattamento delle psicosi e arte-terapia: il trattamento di un caso di psicosi insorta in età giovanile" (2013); René Roussillon, "La sopravvivenza dell’oggetto in adolescenza" (2014); Domenico Di Ceglie "La disforia di genere nell'età evolutiva e il suo impatto psicosociale" (2015); Paolo Gallina "Adolescenti e realtà virtuale. Come la immaginazione tecnologica trasforma la mente" (2016); etc.].

Continuing Education Course in Milan [Corso di Formazione permanente a Milano. Era coordinato da Nella Guidi, attivo dal 1992 con numero chiuso di 20 partecipanti e 8 incontri annui.]

Continuing Education Course in Genoa. For information, contact <> or <>. [E' attivo dal 1994, coordinato da Pier Francesco Galli in collaborazione con Maria Cellesi e Licia Filingeri, a numero chiuso con 20 partecipanti e 10 incontri annui]. 

Continuing Education Course in Bologna. [Corso di Formazione permanente a Bologna. E' coordinato da Pier Francesco Galli, Giuliana Gagliani e Mariangela Pierantozzi, attivo dal 1992 con numero chiuso di 16 partecipanti e 8 incontri annui].

Clinical and theoretical seminars in Bologna. For information, contact <> or <>. [Coordinati negli anni 2005-2007 da Adriana Grotta, e dal 2010 da Adriana Grotta ed Euro Pozzi].

Other Courses in: Bologna, Modena, Reggio Emilia, and Parma.

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Web Editor: Paolo Migone, M.D.